标书翻译的文体特征

标书翻译是货物、工程或服务市场交易方式之一,现在许多国际机构、国家政府规定,凡由其提供贷款或资金、金额达到一定数额的大宗交易、大型工程或成套服务项目必须通过公开招标、投标来确定供货者、承建者或服务商。国际招标投标已成为国际贸易的主要方式之一。按照国际管理,采用招标投标方式采购货物、工程或服务时,与招标投标活动有关的文件、资料均须用英文编制,即使允许用非英语编写,也应备有英文版本。当发生意义解释分歧时以英文版本为准。因此,了解国际招标投标文件是参加国际招标投标的基础性工作,应给予足够的重视。

招投标文件是招标和投标文件的简称。招标文件一般包括:投标邀请、投标须知、货物要求、技术规格、合同条款、合同格式和附件;投标文件是投标人根据招标文件的要求编制或填写的文件,它要清楚地表明投标人愿意按什么条件(须收招标文件规定的条件制约)向招标人提供服务、货物或工程和劳务。招标文件通常由投标授权书或投标资格证明文件、投标书、报价单、供货单、投标保函或投标保证金、履约担保、技术规范、技术说明书、附函等文件组成。

由于合同条款、合同格式、技术规范、技术说明书的英文文体属于合同英语和科技英语讨论的范围,本文就不予以讨论;本文只讨论诸如招标邀请函、投标须知等招标投标活动中必须要编制、使用的招投标文件。此外,本文所讨论的翻译指的是英汉两种语言的翻译。

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1、译文准确

译文准确是指招投标译文措辞要确切、正确,要忠实于其原意。招标投标是一种商务活动,招标投标文件从本质上说就是商务合同,翻译招投标文件必须准确。译者在落笔前应正确理解其含义,遣词造句时必须忠于原文意义,译文与原文所表达的信息要“等值”,否则,有可能造成误译,引起纠纷。

1.1 专业词汇

招标投标已成为一种通行的、具有强制性规范的贸易形式,已形成一些专业用语。其意义往往与普通词典上的释义不同,翻译时应予注意。例如:
(1)GENERAL PROCUREMENT NOTICE是指联合国《发展论坛商业版》刊登的世界银行贷款项目的总的招标通告,目的是使合格的投标商早日了解投标机会。在这里procurement不能译成“获得”,其意义是:the process of obtaining supplies of sth., especially for a government or an organization,应译为“采购”;因此,GENERAL PROCUREMENT NOTICE应译为“总采购通告”。
(2)Turnkey Contract在招标文件中指的是“总包(交钥匙)工程招标文件”而非《英汉技术词典》上的“整套承包(合同)”。
(3)prequalify在招标文件中意为“对投标人进行投标资格预审”,与此对应,to postqualify tenderers则指在没有进行投标人资格预审的情况下,在开标后对投标人进行的资格审查,可以译为:“对投标人进行资格后审。因此Prequalification of Tenderers应译成“投标人资格预审”。
Bid在英文词典里的释义为:to offer to pay a particular price for sth., especially at an auction和to offer to do work or provide a service for a particular price, in competition with other companies, etc. 看来,将其译成“投标”应该不错,但是,我们在其后的解释中发现它的同义词就是tender;而在tender项下,该词典解释到:“v. to make a formal offer to supply goods to carry out work a stated price”和“n. a formal offer to supply goods or carry out work at a stated price”,其意义也是“投标”或“标书”,在词典中“tender”后也标着SYN(同义词)为BID (idem)。笔者在许多国际招标文件中读到,“bidders”被译成投标人,“bidding documents”既有译成“招标文件”的,也有译成“标书”的,而在FIDIC Tendering Procedure中“tenderers”指“投标人”, “tender”有时指“招标”,有时又指“投标”、“投标文件”,由此看来,bid和tender在招投标活动中所表达的意义是相同的,它的确切含义应由使用者在招投标活动中所处的地位及其context来定。

(4)Name of company leading the joint venture,这里的“the joint venture”不是常用的“合资企业”,而是指多个投标人为了满足招标人提出的条件而暂时结成的联营体,作为单一投标人参加和履行合同,合同履行完毕即解散,各投标人所拥有的资产也补合并,因此译成:“联营体牵头公司的名称”较恰当。

房屋租赁合同翻译、翻译合同

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房屋租赁合同
PREMISES LEASE CONTRACT
本合同双方当事人
Parties hereto
出租方(甲方):
Lessor(hereinafter referred to as Party A):
承租方(乙方):
Lessee(hereinafter referred to as Party B):
根据国家有关法律、法规和本市有关规定,甲、乙双方在平等自愿的基础上,经友好协商一致,就甲方将其合法拥有的房屋出租给乙方使用,乙方承租使用甲方房屋事宜,订立本合同。
Party A and B have, in respect of leasing the legitimate premises owned by Party A to Party B, reached an agreement through friendly consultation to conclude the following contract under the relevant national laws and regulations, as well as the relevant stipulations of the city.
一、建物地址
1. Location of the premises
甲方将其所有的位于___ 市___ 区___ 的房屋及其附属设施在良好状态下出租给乙方___ 使用。
Party A will lease to Party B the premises and attached facilities owned by itself which is located at (Location) and in good condition for.
二、房屋面积
2. Size of the premises
出租房屋的登记面积为 平方米(建筑面积)。
The registered size of the leased premises is square meters (Gross size).
三、租赁期限
3. Lease term
租赁期限自___ 年 ___ 月 ___ 日起至___ 年___ 月___ 日止,租期为期___ 年,甲方应于___ 年___ 月___ 日将房屋腾空并交付乙方使用。

The lease term will be from___ (month)___ (day)___(year)to ___ (month)___ (day)___ (year), Lease Term year(s).Party A will clear the premises and provide it to Party B for use before___ (month)___ (day)___ (year).

四、租金
4. Rental

 

1. 数额:双方商定租金为每月___ 元整(含管理费)。乙方以现金形式支付给甲方。
1)Amount:the rental will be ___ RMB per month (including management fees). Party B will pay the rental to Party A in the form of cash.
2. 租金按 月为壹期支付;第一期租金于___ 年___ 月 ___ 日以前付清;以后每期租金于每月的 日以前缴纳,先付后住(若乙方以汇款形式支付租金,则以汇出日为支付日,汇费由汇出方承担);甲方收到租金后予书面签收。
2)Payment of rental will be one installment every month(s). The first installment will be paid before ___ (month)___ (day) ___ (year). Each successive installment will be paid by (date) of each month. Party B will pay the rental before using the premises and attached facilities (In case Party B pays the rental in the form of remittance, the date of remitting will be the day of payment and the remittance fee will be borne by the remitter.) Party A will issue a written receipt after receiving the payment.
3. 如乙方逾期支付租金超过七天,则每天以月租金的0.3%支付滞纳金;如乙方逾期支付租金超过十天,则视为乙方自动退租,构成违约,甲方有权收回房屋,并追究乙方违约责任。
3)Where the rental is more than 7 working days overdue, Party B will pay 0.3 percent of monthly rental as overdue fine every day, if the rental be paid 10 days overdue, Party B will be deemed to have withdrawn from the premises and breach the contract. In this situation, Party A has the right to take back the premises and take actions against party B‘s breach.
五、押金
5. Deposit
1. 为确保房屋及其附属设施之安全与完好,及租赁期内相关费用之如期结算,乙方同意于___ 年___ 月 ___ 日前支付给甲方押金___ 元整,甲方在收到押金后予以书面签收。
1)Guarantying the safety and good conditions of the premises and attached facilities and account of relevant fees are settled on schedule during the lease term, party B shall pay to party A as a deposit before ___ (month) (day) ___ (year). Party A shall issue a written receipt after receiving the deposit.
2. 除合同另有约定外,甲方应于租赁关系消除且乙方迁空、点清并付清所有应付费用后的当天将押金全额无息退还乙方。
2) Unless otherwise provided for by this contract, Party A will return full amount of the deposit without interest on the day when this contract expires and party B clears the premises and has paid all due rental and other expenses.
3. 因乙方违反本合同的规定而产生的违约金、损坏赔偿金和其它相关费用,甲方可在押金中抵扣,不足部分乙方必须在接到甲方付款通知后十日内补足。
3)In case party B breaches this contract, party A has right to deduct the default fine, compensation for damage or any other expenses from the deposit. In case the deposit is not sufficient to cover such items, Party B should pay the insufficiency within ten days after receiving the written notice of payment from Party A.
4. 因甲方原因导致乙方无法在租赁期内正常租用该物业,甲方应立即全额无息退还押金予乙方,且乙方有权追究甲方的违约责任。
4)If Party B can’t normally use the apartment because of Party A, Party A should return the deposit to Party B at once. And Party B has the right to ask for the compensation from Pa

不止于出境游翻译神器

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近期,腾讯的一款语音翻译类产品翻译君刚刚完成更新,在原有功能的基础上新增中英文之间的“同声传译”功能。用户只要通过右上角的菜单栏就可以一键进入同声传译界面,在网络畅通的情况下,在手机麦克风旁说话,翻译君就会快速辨识语音,并给出文字翻译结果,点击右下角的小喇叭图标,翻译君还可以用标准的语音朗读出翻译内容,让沟通交流更高效。

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比如,工作中接待外宾、参与海外合作伙伴或客户的电话会议,对于一些英语方面尚不能运用自如的白领来说,翻译君同声传译功能的出现可以帮助他们了解客户需求,实现无障碍沟通,大大降低沟通成本,建立职业自信。而翻译君原有的拍照翻译功能,也可以帮助实现证照翻译、论文翻译、合同翻译、标书翻译等需求。

此外,翻译君还内置了最权威、最专业的牛津大学英汉词典,以词句搭配的方式让用户对词句理解的更透彻,并通过单词涂抹记忆功能帮助用户在使用翻译功能的同时,辅助英语学习,受到了学生及家长的欢迎。

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房屋租赁合同翻译

房屋租赁合同
www.fanyi-world.cn
PREMISES LEASE CONTRACT
本合同双方当事人
Parties hereto
出租方(甲方):
Lessor(hereinafter referred to as Party A):
承租方(乙方):
Lessee(hereinafter referred to as Party B):
根据国家有关法律、法规和本市有关规定,甲、乙双方在平等自愿的基础上,经友好协商一致,就甲方将其合法拥有的房屋出租给乙方使用,乙方承租使用甲方房屋事宜,订立本合同。
Party A and B have, in respect of leasing the legitimate premises owned by Party A to Party B, reached an agreement through friendly consultation to conclude the following contract under the relevant national laws and regulations, as well as the relevant stipulations of the city.
一、建物地址
1. Location of the premises
甲方将其所有的位于___ 市___ 区___ 的房屋及其附属设施在良好状态下出租给乙方___ 使用。
Party A will lease to Party B the premises and attached facilities owned by itself which is located at (Location) and in good condition for.
二、房屋面积
2. Size of the premises
出租房屋的登记面积为 平方米(建筑面积)。
The registered size of the leased premises is square meters (Gross size).
三、租赁期限
3. Lease term
租赁期限自___ 年 ___ 月 ___ 日起至___ 年___ 月___ 日止,租期为期___ 年,甲方应于___ 年___ 月___ 日将房屋腾空并交付乙方使用。

The lease term will be from___ (month)___ (day)___(year)to ___ (month)___ (day)___ (year), Lease Term year(s).Party A will clear the premises and provide it to Party B for use before___ (month)___ (day)___ (year).

四、租金
4. Rental

 

1. 数额:双方商定租金为每月___ 元整(含管理费)。乙方以现金形式支付给甲方。
1)Amount:the rental will be ___ RMB per month (including management fees). Party B will pay the rental to Party A in the form of cash.
2. 租金按 月为壹期支付;第一期租金于___ 年___ 月 ___ 日以前付清;以后每期租金于每月的 日以前缴纳,先付后住(若乙方以汇款形式支付租金,则以汇出日为支付日,汇费由汇出方承担);甲方收到租金后予书面签收。
2)Payment of rental will be one installment every month(s). The first installment will be paid before ___ (month)___ (day) ___ (year). Each successive installment will be paid by (date) of each month. Party B will pay the rental before using the premises and attached facilities (In case Party B pays the rental in the form of remittance, the date of remitting will be the day of payment and the remittance fee will be borne by the remitter.) Party A will issue a written receipt after receiving the payment.
3. 如乙方逾期支付租金超过七天,则每天以月租金的0.3%支付滞纳金;如乙方逾期支付租金超过十天,则视为乙方自动退租,构成违约,甲方有权收回房屋,并追究乙方违约责任。
3)Where the rental is more than 7 working days overdue, Party B will pay 0.3 percent of monthly rental as overdue fine every day, if the rental be paid 10 days overdue, Party B will be deemed to have withdrawn from the premises and breach the contract. In this situation, Party A has the right to take back the premises and take actions against party B‘s breach.
五、押金
5. Deposit
1. 为确保房屋及其附属设施之安全与完好,及租赁期内相关费用之如期结算,乙方同意于___ 年___ 月 ___ 日前支付给甲方押金___ 元整,甲方在收到押金后予以书面签收。
1)Guarantying the safety and good conditions of the premises and attached facilities and account of relevant fees are settled on schedule during the lease term, party B shall pay to party A as a deposit before ___ (month) (day) ___ (year). Party A shall issue a written receipt after receiving the deposit.
2. 除合同另有约定外,甲方应于租赁关系消除且乙方迁空、点清并付清所有应付费用后的当天将押金全额无息退还乙方。
2) Unless otherwise provided for by this contract, Party A will return full amount of the deposit without interest on the day when this contract expires and party B clears the premises and has paid all due rental and other expenses.
3. 因乙方违反本合同的规定而产生的违约金、损坏赔偿金和其它相关费用,甲方可在押金中抵扣,不足部分乙方必须在接到甲方付款通知后十日内补足。
3)In case party B breaches this contract, party A has right to deduct the default fine, compensation for damage or any other expenses from the deposit. In case the deposit is not sufficient to cover such items, Party B should pay the insufficiency within ten days after receiving the written notice of payment from Party A.
4. 因甲方原因导致乙方无法在租赁期内正常租用该物业,甲方应立即全额无息退还押金予乙方,且乙方有权追究甲方的违约责任。
4)If Party B can’t normally use the apartment because of Party A, Party A should return the deposit to Party B at once. And Party B has the right to ask for the compensation from Party A.
六、甲方义务
6. Obligations of Party A
1. 甲方须按时将房屋及附属设施(详见附件)交付乙方使用。
1)Party A will provide the premises and attached facilities (see the appendix of furniture list for detail) on schedule to Party B for using.
2. 房屋设施如因质量原因、自然损耗、不可抗力或意外事件而受到损坏,甲方有修缮并承担相关费用的责任。如甲方未在两周内修复该损坏物,以致乙方无法正常使用房屋设施,乙方有权终止该合约,并要求退还押金。
2)In case the premise and attached facilities are damaged by quality problems, natural damages or accidents, Party A will be responsible to repair and pay the relevant expenses. If Party A can‘t repair the damaged facilities in two weeks so that Party B can’t use the facilities normally, Party B has the right to terminate the contract and Party A must return the deposit.
3. 甲方应确保出租的房屋享有出租的权利,如租赁期内该房屋发生所有权全部或部分转移、设定他项物权或其他影响乙方权益的事件,甲方应保证所有权人、他项权利人或其他影响乙方权益的第三者能继续遵守本合同所有条款,反之如乙方权益因此遭受损害,甲方应负赔偿责任。
3)Party A will guarantee the lease right of the premise. In case of occurrence of ownership transfer in whole or in part and other accidents affecting the right of lease by party B. party A shall guarantee that the new owner, and other associated, third parties shall be bound by the terms of this contract. Otherwise, Party A will be responsible to compensate party B‘s losses.
4. 甲方应为本合同办理登记备案手续,如因未办理相关登记手续致该合同无效或损害乙方租赁权利,应由甲方负责赔偿,且甲方应承担该合同相关的所有税费。
4)Party A must register this contract with the relevant government authority If not doing so resulting that this contract is invalid or Party B‘s right of leasing may be damaged, Party A should take the all responsibilities. Party A should also bear the all the relevant taxes
七、乙方义务
7. Obligations of Party B
1. 乙方应按合同的规定按时支付租金及押金。
1)Party B will pay the rental and the deposit on time.
2. 乙方经甲方同意,可在房屋内添置设备。租赁期满后,乙方将添置的设备搬走,并保证不影响房屋的完好及正常使用。
2)Party B may add new facilities with Party A‘s approval. When this contract expires, Party B may take away the added facilities without changing the good conditions of the premises for normal use.
3. 未经甲方同意,乙方不得将承租的房屋转租或分租,并爱护使用该房屋如因乙方过失或过错致使房屋及设施受损,乙方应承担赔偿责任。
3)Party B will not transfer the lease of the premises or sublet it without Party A‘s approval and should take good care of the premises. Otherwise, Party B will be responsible to compensate any damages of the premises and attached facilities caused by its fault and negligence.
4. 乙方应按本合同规定合法使用该房屋,不得擅自改变使用性质。乙方不得在该房屋内存放危险物品。否则,如该房屋及附属设施因此受损,乙方应承担全部责任。
4)Party B will use the premises lawfully according to this contract without changing the nature of the premises and storing hazardous materials in it. Otherwise, Party B will be responsible for the damages caused by it.
5. 乙方应承担租赁期内的水、电、煤气、电话费、收视费、一切因实际使用而产生的费用,并按单如期缴纳。
5)Party B will bear the cost of utilities such as telephone communications, water, electricity and gas on time during the lease term.
八、合同终止及解除的规定
8. Termination and dissolution of the contract
1. 乙方在租赁期满后如需续租,应提前一个月通知甲方,由双方另行协商续租事宜。在同等条件下乙方享有优先续租权。
1)Within one month before the contract expires, Party B will notify Party A if it intends to extend the lease. In this situation, two parties will discuss matters over the extension. Under the same terms Party B has the priority to lease the premises.
2. 租赁期满后,乙方应在 日内将房屋交还甲方;任何滞留物,如未取得甲方谅解,均视为放弃,任凭甲方处置,乙方决无异议。
2)When the lease term expires, Party B will return the premises and attached facilities to Party A within days. Any belongings left in it without Party A’s previous understanding will be deemed to be abandoned by Party B. In this situation, Party A has the right to dispose of it and Party B will raise no objection.
3. 本合同一经双方签字后立即生效;未经双方同意,不得任意终止,如有未尽事宜,甲、乙双方可另行协商。
3)This contract will be effective after being signed by both parties. Any party has no right to terminate this contract without another party’s agreement. Anything not covered in this contract will be discussed separately by both parties.
九、违约及处理
9. Breach of the contract
1. 甲、乙双方任何一方在未征得对方谅解的情况下,不履行本合同规定条款,导致本合同中途终止,则视为该方违约,双方同意违约金为 ___ 元整,若违约金不足弥补无过错方之损失,则违约方还需就不足部分支付赔偿金。
1)During the lease term, any party who fails to fulfill any article of this contract without the other party’s understanding will be deemed to breach the contract. Both parties agree that the default fine will be___ . In case the default fine is not sufficient to cover the loss suffered by the faultless party, the party in breach should pay additional compensation to the other party.
2. 若双方在执行本合同或与本合同有关的事情时发生争议,应首先友好协商;协商不成,可向有管辖权的人民法院提起诉讼。
2)Both parties will solve the disputes arising from execution of the contract or in connection with the contract through friendly consultation. In case the agreement cannot be reached, any party may summit the dispute to the court that has the jurisdiction over the matter.
3. 本合同一经双方签字后立即生效;未经双方同意,不得任意终止,如有未尽事宜,甲、乙双方可另行协商。